Category Archives: Manifestos


‘Manifestos contracts that the undersigned make with themselves and with society. As with all contracts, manifestos imply certain rules laws and restrictions. But they soon become independent from their authors. At this point, a masochistic relationship begins between the author and the text itself, for the manifesto-contract has been drafted by the very person who will suffer from the restrictions of its clauses. No doubt such carefully devised laws will be violated. This self-transgression of self-made laws adds a particularly perverse dimension to manifestoes. In addition, like love letters, they provide an erotic distance between fantasy and actual realisation. In many respects, this aspect of manifestoes has much in common with the nature of architectural work. It plays on the tension between ideas and real spaces, between abstract concepts and the sensuality of an implied spatial experience. (B. Tschumi, preface of Architectural Manifestoes, London, 1979).

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for more useful information about STRUCTURE AS TEXT and Hypertext and hypermedia…

The term Hypertext was coined by Theodor Nelson (A File Structure for the Complex, the Changing and the Indeterminate, 1965, Proceedings of ACM 20th National Conference), who proposed the idea of a computer system able to perform `nonlinear writing’. A similar idea had been proposed twenty years earlier, before the birth of the digital computer, by Vannevar Bush. He invented a machine called `memex’ (i.e. memory extender) which was able to record articles, pictures, sketches and notes, and to connect the different informations with associative links. The basic idea of associative indexing, according to Bush, is that “any item may be caused at will to select immediately and automatically another. This is the essential feature of the memex. The process of tying two items together is the important thing.”